Suicide Prevention Strategies

Initiatives in various countries to reduce the number of suicides on railway rights of ways can be considered to  follow these steps:

  • Analysis of the incidence and characteristics of railway suicides in the targeted areas.
  • Analysis of the psychosocial, medical ,and environmental characteristics of railway suicides.
  • Analysis of the geographical and spcyo-social context (population, track and traffic density, local suicide rates, presence of mental health institutions, etc.).
  • Identification of promising activities to help reduce the incidence of railway suicides.
  • Involvment of local stakeholders.
  • Implementing activities.
  • Evaluating the implementation and effects of each individual activity as well as their overall impact.

Here are a few examples of such initiatives developed in different contexts around the world:

Country

Source

Project carrier

stakeholders

Characteristics of railway suicide targeted by strategy

Suicide prevention activities

Belgium

Andriessen, Krysinska (2011)

Infrabel

Suicide prevention organisations

Research teams

Flemish Suicide Prevention Action Plan

Hotspots

Analysis of hotspots and interventions: e.g.

Fencing

Destroying old platforms

Improving drivers’ visibility

Emergency call system on platforms

Raising community awareness of mental health facilities

Improving surveillance and lighting

Training staff to identify at risk persons

Responsible media reporting

Australia

Lifeline Foundation. (2012)

Track safe foundation

Mental health services

Police

Local government

Railway employees

Open tracks

Configuration of stations

Targeting at risk populations

Media and Communication Guidelines on Rail Suicide

Promotion of Help Seeking to People in Personal Crisis

Best Practice Techniques to Support Rail Personnel

Surveillance and Monitoring on Open Track Areas

Site Specific Initiatives on ‘Hot Spot’ Stations

Training Rail Personnel – Suicide Risk Alerts

Protocols with Health/Police – High Risk Individuals