Time of accident fatalities
Accidents vary in time, as described bellow:
The numbers of railway accidents varies from year to year. For example, there was a larger number of accidents in Ontario in 2005. This increase has been noted across all areas of transportation in Canada and is very difficult to explain.
Weather conditions play a small part in railway accidental deaths. A majority of accidents took place on a clear day (61.1%). However, snow and rain were present in respectively 15% and 7.8% of accidents. Accidents occur more often when the temperature is between -9 Celcius and +5 celcius. This difference is fairly large and displays what one may expect to find: accidents are more likely to occur during poorer weather conditions (colder temperature and/or difficult atmospheric conditions).
Monthly rates show that a larger number of accidents occur during the fall (September: 13.8%, October: 11.2%).
Hours of the day
Accidental deaths tend to occur more frequently during the day, especially mid-afternoon.
Days of the week
The proportion of accidents increases steadily during the week, with the highest number on Sundays (21.0%).
This higher risk of accidents during the weekends may be explained by increased levels of substance use. Indeed, we observe an increase in the presence of substances in the blood of accident victims on weekends.